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COMMON FIRE CODE VIOLATIONS IN COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS

  • Blocked Fire Exits
  • Exit lights not illuminated
  • Emergency Lights not working
  • Fire Extinguisher not maintained
  • Required Fire Extingusher missing - Each Business must have at least one 2a-20bc rated fire extinguisher
  • General House Cleaning

List of other violations

Not sealing penetrations in Fire Walls 

Dangerous conditions which are liable to cause or contribute to the spread of fire in or on said premises, building or structure or endanger the occupants thereof:

Storage shall be maintained a minimum of 18” below (vertical and horizontal) the sprinkler head deflectors.

Accumulations of rubbish, waste, paper, boxes, shavings, or other combustible materials, or the excessive storage of any combustible material.

Hazardous conditions arising from defective or improperly used or installed electrical wiring, equipment, or appliances.

Clearance of not less than 30 inches shall be provided between all electrical service equipment and storage.

Storage of combustible or flammable material shall be confined to an approved storage area.

No inside storage is permitted within 2 feet of the ceiling.

When fire-fighting equipment (STANDPIPE, FIRE HOSES, FIRE EXTINGUISHERS, FIRE AXES, FIRE DEPARTMENT VALVES, ETC.) is enclosed in cabinets, these cabinets shall not be blocked from use or obscured from view in any manner.

All hand-operated portable FIRE EXTINGUISHING EQUIPMENT shall be selected, distributed, inspected, maintained, tested and recharged in accordance with NFPA 10.

All means of Egress Elements such as egress doors and their hardware, corridors, stairways, fire escapes and similar egress components shall be maintained in a safe and operable condition at all times and be available for immediate use.

Fire and Smoke Doors must latch when closed.

Exit Lights shall be maintained at all time when the building is occupied.

Provide adequate light to stairways, hallways, and other means of egress.

Blocking open egress doors.

Stairways, Hallways leading to an Exit shall not be used for any other purpose than a means of egress.

No Storage is permitted in Stairways and hallways leading to an Exit.

Fire protection systems, devices, units, and service equipment shall be maintained at all times.

Obstructions to means of egress prohibited. Minimum 36” clear aisle way

Fire Doors shall be maintained in working condition.

Posting of Occupant load required.

OVERCROWDING: A person shall not permit overcrowding or admittance of any person beyond the established posted occupant load of any Place of Assembly or Education use.

Flame spread certification required on wall coverings, draperies.

STORAGE AND USE OF CYLINDERS: All compressed gas cylinders in storage or service shall be adequately secured to prevent falling or being knocked over. Separate cylinder storage or manifold enclosure shall be provided for flammable gases and oxidizing gases. Such enclosure shall serve no other purpose and shall be constructed in accordance with the requirements of the building code.

EMERGENCY LIGHTING MEANS OF EGRESS: All means of egress shall be equipped with artificial lighting.

EXIT SIGNS: All buildings with more than one exit shall have internally illuminated exit signs with 6” letters.

INTERIOR STAIRWAYS: In use group E shall have a fire separation of (1) one hour.

Posting of the Life Hazard Use Certificate required.

Obstructions of Fire Lanes prohibited.

Test records of Fire Protection Systems and devices must be stored on site and available for inspection.

Cleaning of Exhaust hoods required.

Testing of Fire Suppression Systems:

Water Based – F-506 – Periodically NFPA 25, 231, 231C, 231D, 231E, 231F

Foam – F-507 – Periodically NFPA 11

Carbon Dioxide – F-508 - 12 month intervals

Halogenated – F-509 – 12 month intervals

Clean Agent – F-510 – 12-month intervals.

Dry Chemical – F-511 – 6 month intervals

Wet Chemical – F512 – 6 month intervals

EDUCATION & ASSEMBLY USES: Means of egress shall be ready and suitable for use before opening the building and Exits shall not be Blocked or Locked during occupancy.

EDUCATION & ASSEMBLY uses: Exit lights shall be maintained in a working order

Fire Drills shall be held:

Education uses – Two (2) fire drills exit drills during the first two weeks of a school term and eight additional ones per year.

Day Care & Dormitories – once per month

Residential Care – 6 times per year, 2 per shift.

Incapacitated Care – 3 months on each shift.

Records of Fire Drills shall be maintained on available for inspection on site. Written reports shall be sent to the Fire Official.

All cooking operations that produce grease laden vapors shall be equipped with a ventilating hood, duct and automatic fire suppression system.

Venting of Dryers

Cleaning Schedule for kitchen exhaust hoods.

Designated Fire Lanes shall be maintained free of obstructions and vehicles and shall be identified in an approved manner.

Last Updated 7/2004